December 26th, 2018 marks the 50th anniversary of the refoundation of the Communist Party of the Phillipines (CPP) and the 125th anniversary of Mao Zedong, and our own celebration of these two momentous events.
The refoundation of the CPP shows a break from the unsuccesful actions of the preceding communist party and the temporary peaceful attempts at struggle, and reinitiating a genuine revolutionary Party for the masses of the Phillipines. A party that carries a lineage of over century long struggle for the independence of the people of the Phillipines to break the chains of Spanish and American colonialism, and now to overthrow their current neo-colonial conditions. The timing of this reformation is all the more significant as 1968 marked the beginning of the Cultural Revolution and a clear rupture in the International movement between the forces of communist revolution and revisionist counter-revolution. While parties throughout the world saw splits along these lines, the fore-runners of the CPP were direct in initiating a party that would be a leading light and fighting force for the working and oppressed classes of the Phillipines. In doing so, they, along with the Naxalites of India, have held a torch of struggle that has given hope to communists throughout the world in the period of capitalist consolidation: with the revisionist decline and fall of the USSR; the return of power to a Bourgois class in China; and the failures and setbacks of newer attempts of the proletariat to take power through peoples’ wars, such as those initiated in Peru and Nepal.
The refoundation of the Communist Party of the Phillipines coincided with the initiation of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, which aimed to intensify class struggle against capitalist roaders in Chinese society. In the Filipino parties taking up of the task of building revolution and developing peoples’ war, they are inspiriational to the forces in Canada and the global working class. It is through this period, and the direction that genuine revolutionary forces took, that the world saw a further inspiration of anti-colonial and anti-imperialist struggles in the Middle East, Africa and South America; the development of struggle that threatened the bourgeoisie in the imperialist centres through the events of Mai 68, the creation of the Black Panther Party and other parties in the U.S. that seriously took up the task for armed struggle against the imperialist state and, most notably in Canada, inspiring a split of a Marxist Leninist formation from the stagnating Communist Party of Canada, and the creation of the Workers Communist Party and En Lutte (In Struggle). Due to the development and collapse of these latter parties, which provide a historical lineage of the Reolutionary Communist Party of Canada today, it is here that we are deeply indebted to the fervor and ability of the CPP to uphold a revolutionary line and develop an experiment of social change that we all must be students of.
Comrades of the Phillipines have for 50 years struggled against some of the most repressive and reactionary forces, including the semi-feudal rural ruling classes and a 21 year reign of the fascist Ferdinand Marcos, and in doing so have succeeded in defending the masses of the Phillipines and advancing their own project for national liberation and socialism. Everything of a direct war of aggression by the United States has been thrown at the people of the Phillipines, and the CPP has been couragous in struggling against inhumane conditions of labour and life and the explicit violence that the state has brought down to repress and disrupt their work – despite the losses of many comrades and revolutionaries.
It is through these conditions that the Maoists in the Phillipines have been foundational in formulating how the working class is to wage struggle, and unify locally and internationally to defeat the forces of reaction. The initiation and continuation of Peoples’ War in the Phillipines has been
Their armed struggle as carried out by the New Peoples’ Army , that will see it’s 50th anniversary next year, has consolidated large amounts of territory of the Phillipines from the reactionary state and won over millions of people to their struggle. As it is, nearly a quarter of the territory of the Phillipines is under the political control of the Communist Party of the Phillipines, which is a testiment to the commitment and resolve of the party in its ability to wage a protracted war and a verification of the succesful strategy of Protracted Peoples’ War of growing the forces of the working and oppressed classes against reactionary states. It is a strategy that has freed up land for Indigenous Filipinos and provided a space for the CPP to offer and encourage education and independent economic development, rather than isolation and extraction.
The strategy of Protracted People’s War is based in the necessary engagement of the masses in a protracted development of an asymmetric armed struggle to develop base areas for the revolution. The building of these base areas develops the dynamic of dual power, whereby liberated territoriesand communities are under the political control of the people as they maintain their struggle against reactionary forces.
In directly building our capacity for political power, the protracted nature of t our struggle is cpabale of building socialism even when our enemies continue to attempt to assert their domination upon us.
This strategy provides us with the direction to cease land the means of production away from the appropriating classes and palce them in the rightful possession of the toiling mases.
As we carve out bases of armed defense in our communities, we uild the proletaraiats capacity to advance our struggle in to equilibriam with our previous masters and then beyond to the offensive action of crushing capitalist and feudal domination.
The universal applicability of the the Communist Party of the Phillipines, and the New Peoples’ Army’s strategy of Protracted Peoplese war comes from its comprehensive connection of both military and political plans. This, along with their resolve and commitment to uphold class struggle and to never heed to illusions of where power comes from, has been an invaluable
In Canada, we must seek inspiration from our comrades in the Phillipines to uphold armed class struggle and to face all forms of repression with courage and creativity. They have turned their position into one of benefit against the allure and illusion of Bourgeois politics, instead for building the fighting capacity of their communities against the forces fo reaction. As all strategies that fall into these traps of conciliation undoubtedly compromise the working class, the class struggle, and reinforce class society and the exploiters at its helm. And it is from this, that we must also undoubtedly support the development of revolution in the Phillipines and celebrate the Communist Party of the Phillipines for its leadership and inspiration.